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The Multifarious Mr. BanksFrom Botany Bay to Kew, The Natural Historian Who Shaped the World$
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Toby Musgrave

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300223835

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300223835.001.0001

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The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

(p.176) Six The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
The Multifarious Mr. Banks

Toby Musgrave

Yale University Press

This chapter examines the intellectual paradigms and rationales that influenced Joseph Banks in his thinking and actions. It explains his disinterest with architectural and landscape fashions and his dislike of a grandiose neoclassical pile on grounds laid out by the architect Capability Brown. It also analyses Banks as an empiricist for his adaption of the Baconian method of investigative science that forms the basis of the scientific method as a means of observation and induction. The chapter explores Banks' beliefs on the outcomes of science that should be applied knowledge and that theoretical speculation should be moderated by practical observation. It talks about Banks as the Liberal Patron of Science and the Enlightened Cultivator of Natural Knowledge and how he held a deep and ingrained belief in “progress.”

Keywords:   Joseph Banks, intellectual paradigms, grandiose neoclassical pile, Capability Brown, empiricist, Baconian method, Liberal Patron of Science, Enlightened Cultivator of Natural Knowledge

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