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The Multifarious Mr. BanksFrom Botany Bay to Kew, The Natural Historian Who Shaped the World$
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Toby Musgrave

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300223835

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300223835.001.0001

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The Father of Australia

The Father of Australia

(p.224) Seven The Father of Australia
The Multifarious Mr. Banks

Toby Musgrave

Yale University Press

This chapter explores how Joseph Banks earned his sobriquet of “Father of Australia.” It examines projects and activities with which Banks was involved in the 1770s and scrutinize his significant domestic transformation. It talks about the alternative “rebel” club that Banks and seven friends formed because of the petty way the Club of the Royal Philosophers invited guests. The chapter discusses Bank's unofficial guardianship of Mai, a young Raiatean whom he and James Cook had met at Tahiti in 1769 and whom Cook encountered again on his second voyage. It also mentions Mai as the second Pacific Islander visitor to Europe and the first to Britain, where he was considered quite the society celebrity.

Keywords:   Joseph Banks, Father of Australia, domestic transformation, Club of the Royal Philosophers, Mai, Raiatean, James Cook, Pacific Islander

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