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Artisanal EnlightenmentScience and the Mechanical Arts in Old Regime France$
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Paola Bertucci

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780300227413

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300227413.001.0001

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Introduction: Savants, Artisans, Artistes

Introduction: Savants, Artisans, Artistes

(p.1) Introduction: Savants, Artisans, Artistes
Artisanal Enlightenment

Paola Bertucci

Yale University Press

This introductory chapter focuses on the artiste to explain the relationship among science, the mechanical arts, and the state in Old Regime France. Its main chronological arc is between the foundation of the Académie Royale des Sciences in 1666 and the publication of the first volumes of the Encyclopédie in 1751. The chapter discusses the Société des Arts, founded in Paris in 1728, as the most visible attempt to turn the expertise of the artiste into an instrument of the state. The society's ambitious program has attracted the attention of several Enlightenment scholars, who have pointed to the intellectual connections between the program of the Société des Arts and Diderot and D'Alembert's Encyclopédie.

Keywords:   artiste, mechanical arts, Old Regime France, Société des Arts, Encyclopédie, Académie Royale des Sciences, Enlightenment

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