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Belonging on an IslandBirds, Extinction, and Evolution in Hawai'i$
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Daniel Lewis

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780300229646

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300229646.001.0001

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(p.244) Epilogue
Belonging on an Island

Daniel Lewis

Yale University Press

This concluding chapter proposes that being a native in the islands—for humans as well as nonhumans—is a spectrum rather than a fixed category, not based on origin or means of arrival, but shaped and determined by an alchemical mix of time, charisma, relative scarcity, utility to others, evolutionary processes, and changing relationships with other organisms in their ecosystems. Nativeness is not the same thing as belonging—once scrutinized in this context, nativeness can be made into a fact. Belonging, on the other hand, is a judgment, and perhaps a sensation. The two also differ in this sense: once something is assigned status as a native, that status more or less becomes permanent. A sense of belonging, however, is more ephemeral, and can come and go.

Keywords:   nativeness, belonging, nativism, Hawaiian birds, extinction, preservation

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