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Bread Winner – An Intimate History of the Victorian Economy - Yale Scholarship Online
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Bread Winner: An Intimate History of the Victorian Economy

Emma Griffin


Nineteenth-century Britain saw remarkable economic growth and a rise in real wages. But not everyone shared in the nation's wealth. Unable to earn a sufficient income themselves, working-class women were reliant on the ‘breadwinner wage’ of their husbands. When income failed, or was denied or squandered by errant men, families could be plunged into desperate poverty from which there was no escape. This book unlocks the homes of Victorian England to examine the lives — and finances — of the people who lived there. Drawing on over 600 working-class autobiographies, including more than 200 writte ... More

Keywords: working-class women, breadwinner, income, poverty, Victorian England, Victorian Britain, nineteenth-century Britain

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780300230062
Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2020 DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300230062.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Emma Griffin, author
University of East Anglia