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Substate DictatorshipNetworks, Loyalty, and Institutional Change in the Soviet Union$
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Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg Khlevniuk

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300230819

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300230819.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

Party Governors

Party Governors

Chapter:
(p.279) 10 Party Governors
Source:
Substate Dictatorship
Author(s):

Yoram Gorlizki

Oleg Khlevniuk

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300230819.003.0011

This chapter reviews how regional leaders had to find solutions to the problems of authoritarian control and authoritarian power sharing in the late 1940s. It recounts the original strategies of the classic substate dictator that had become harder to activate. It also points out how politically engaged rank-and-file members of the party or “regional aktivs” threw their weight behind a package of authority-enhancing norms that included public shows of deference, the hiding of policy differences, and a carefully calibrated system of seniority based on step-by-step promotions. The chapter traces Leonid Brezhnev's regime that made do with higher levels of economic and political freedom at the micro-level. It also analyzes how the Soviet economy had tacitly made use of the idea of trust (doverie) for over a generation in order to make the bloated and overcentralized economic system to work more effectively during the Brezhnev era.

Keywords:   regional leaders, authoritarian control, authoritarian power sharing, regional aktivs, Soviet economy, political freedom, Brezhnev era

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