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Henry IIIThe Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258$
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David Carpenter

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300238358

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300238358.001.0001

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From Henry’s Birth to the End of the Minority 1207–1227

From Henry’s Birth to the End of the Minority 1207–1227

(p.1) Chapter 1 From Henry’s Birth to the End of the Minority 1207–1227
Henry III

David Carpenter

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the period from Henry III's birth to the end of the minority. Henry was born on October 1, 1207, in the royal castle of Winchester. Henry's birth strengthened King John's immediate political position and secured the future of his dynasty, what he later called ‘our perpetual hereditary succession’. Around 1211 or 1212, John made a major decision about Henry's future by entrusting him to the guardianship of Peter des Roches, bishop of Winchester. Bishop Peter was still impacting on Henry's life and envenoming English politics more than twenty years later. The chapter then details Henry's accession to the throne, after which his governors issued a new version of Magna Carta.

Keywords:   Henry III, minority, King John, dynasty, Peter des Roches, Winchester, English politics, England, Magna Carta

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