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Henry IIIThe Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258$
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David Carpenter

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300238358

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300238358.001.0001

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Years of Success 1234–1241

Years of Success 1234–1241

(p.165) Chapter 4 Years of Success 1234–1241
Henry III

David Carpenter

Yale University Press

This chapter details the first phase of Henry III's personal rule, between 1234 and 1241, which was the most successful period of his reign. He adopted Edward the Confessor as his patron saint and thereafter drew strength from the Confessor's support. He at last found a bride for himself in Eleanor of Provence, and soon had a son and heir named Edward, after the Confessor. He also gained loyal and clever councillors and an entirely new profile in international affairs. Henry made a statesmanlike settlement with the king of Scots, exploited the resources of Ireland without ever having to go there, gained the county of Chester for the crown and, after the death of Llywelyn, reasserted royal authority in Wales. He appears both as a legislator, concerned with the welfare of his realm, and as a reformer, reordering the finances of the crown. His accommodation with the political community was shown in the concession of a tax by parliament in return for his confirmation of Magna Carta. The relative calm of this period was helped by a long truce with France.

Keywords:   Henry III, Edward the Confessor, Eleanor of Provence, international affairs, royal authority, political community, Magna Carta, France

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