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Henry IIIThe Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258$
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David Carpenter

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300238358

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300238358.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 06 May 2021

Henry the Crusader 1250–1253

Henry the Crusader 1250–1253

Chapter:
(p.512) Chapter 10 Henry the Crusader 1250–1253
Source:
Henry III
Author(s):

David Carpenter

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300238358.003.0010

This chapter studies how Henry III took the cross in March of 1250 and hoped to fire his subjects with enthusiasm for the enterprise. He was unsuccessful. In these years, Matthew Paris's critique of Henry's rule reached a crescendo. The king's financial exactions, patronage of foreigners, and acts of injustice, so Paris thought, had utterly deprived him of his subjects' love. The contrast here with Louis IX in France was stark. Having taken the cross, Louis, in a series of wide-ranging inquiries, sought to redress the injustices committed by himself and his officials. It was an example that Henry failed to follow. Had he embarked on a similar path of reform, he might have defused the grievances underlying the revolution of 1258. This period presaged the revolution in another way, namely in the factional struggles at court. It became clear that the two groups of foreigners established there, the Lusignans and the Savoyards, did not get on. In 1252, there was open conflict between them, the king's men, and the queen's men as they were called by Matthew Paris.

Keywords:   Henry III, cross, Matthew Paris, royal patronage, injustice, Louis IX, France, factional struggles, Lusignans, Savoyards

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