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Henry IIIThe Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258$
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David Carpenter

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300238358

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300238358.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 06 May 2021

The Gascon Expedition and the Beginnings of the Sicilian Affair 1253–1254

The Gascon Expedition and the Beginnings of the Sicilian Affair 1253–1254

Chapter:
(p.568) Chapter 11 The Gascon Expedition and the Beginnings of the Sicilian Affair 1253–1254
Source:
Henry III
Author(s):

David Carpenter

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300238358.003.0011

This chapter explores the Gascon expedition and the beginnings of the Sicilian affair. After the great parliament of May 1253, Henry III knew there was no escaping Gascony. His letters now spoke of ‘the war and great disturbance’ and the fear that Gascony, ‘unless it is quickly succoured, may soon be lost forever’. On May 25, Henry formally told the Gascons he was coming. By this time Henry was already assembling the ships for his passage. As for men, Henry called on his tenants-in-chief. Henry paid close attention to the government of England in his absence, placing the queen at the summit of his plans. But there was no Gascon victory, or not immediately. In December of 1254, Henry's own fear of a Castilian invasion reached a peak. In February of 1254, at the very time that he was agreeing the Castilian terms, Henry accepted a papal offer to put Edmund, his second son, on the throne of Sicily.

Keywords:   Gascon expedition, Sicilian affair, Henry III, Gascony, English government, England, Castilian invasion, Castilian agreement, Sicily

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