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Henry IIIThe Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258$
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David Carpenter

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300238358

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300238358.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 06 May 2021

The Last Years of the Personal Rule 1255–1257

The Last Years of the Personal Rule 1255–1257

(p.611) Chapter 12 The Last Years of the Personal Rule 1255–1257
Henry III

David Carpenter

Yale University Press

This chapter reflects on the last years of Henry III's personal rule. After Henry's return to England, a degree of political calm is suggested by the paucity of notes on the chancery rolls stating on whose authority letters had been issued. The almost blanket coverage of such notes had lapsed during the course of 1253 and was not revived. Henry was also working with his council. How frequently and formally it met is unknown, but it was certainly involved in a wide variety of business. Indeed, in 1257 it attempted to reform the king's finances and lay down rules for its own conduct. Some of its membership is clear: the king's foreign relatives, the bishop of Worcester, Richard of Cornwall, Richard de Clare, John fitzGeoffrey, Hugh Bigod (Roger Bigod's brother), John Mansel, the household stewards, and the king's senior judges, with Henry of Bath now returning to head the court coram rege. Yet there was also, in Henry's relations with his council, something which foreshadowed the crash to come. For Henry remained quite able to disregard its advice and forge ahead on his own. Over the Sicilian affair he did so with cataclysmic consequences.

Keywords:   Henry III, England, royal authority, great council, reform, royal court, Henry of Bath, Sicilian affair

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