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Henry IIIThe Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258$
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David Carpenter

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300238358

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300238358.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 06 May 2021

The Revolution of 1258

The Revolution of 1258

(p.675) Chapter 13 The Revolution of 1258
Henry III

David Carpenter

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the revolution of 1258. Between the parliaments of October 1257 and April 1258, Henry III spent all his time at Westminster apart from visits to Merton, Guildford, and Windsor. The king was anxiously awaiting the return of his envoys from both the papal court and the court of Louis IX. On both depended the future of the Sicilian enterprise. If that were not enough, Henry was also facing the prospect of war on two fronts in Britain. With the king denying justice to John FitzGeoffrey while asking for a monstrous tax to pursue his Sicilian dreams, seven magnates decided to take action. The aim of the seven was to bring down the Lusignans and force through a general reform of the realm. On April 30, 1258, Roger Bigod demanded action against the ‘intolerable’ Lusignans and the reform of the realm by twenty-four men chosen by the baronage. No tax was to be imposed without the consent of the twenty-four and they were to appoint someone to keep the king's seal. Henry had resisted such demands for fourteen years. Now confronted by men in armour and fearing imprisonment, he gave way.

Keywords:   1258 revolution, parliaments, Henry III, Sicilian affair, taxation, magnates, Lusignans, reform, Roger Bigod, baronage

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