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Sparta's First Attic WarThe Grand Strategy of Classical Sparta, 478-446 B.C.$
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Paul A. Rahe

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780300242614

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300242614.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 05 August 2021

A Parting of the Ways

A Parting of the Ways

Chapter:
(p.125) Chapter 4 A Parting of the Ways
Source:
Sparta's First Attic War
Author(s):

Paul A. Rahe

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300242614.003.0005

This chapter recalls the series of events which led to the breakup of the Athenian–Spartan alliance. It begins with an earthquake and the rebellion of Sparta's helots (slaves), for which the Spartans had appealed to their allies—among them the Athenians—for help. After all, the friendship between the two powers had made possible the Hellenic victory in the Persian Wars and opened the way for the emergence of Athens' maritime hegemony in the aftermath. However, circumstances had changed dramatically as a consequence of these devastating events. At least for the time being, Athens no longer needed Sparta's forbearance. Moreover, as a consequence of the promise that the Lacedaemonians had made to the Thasians and of the breach with Sparta that the Athenians had initiated in the aftermath of Cimon's return from Messenia, a great strategic rivalry soon began, and, as everyone understood, active warfare would ensue not long after.

Keywords:   Athenian–Spartan alliance, helots, Thasos, Athens, Sparta, Cimon, strategic rivalry

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