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Sparta's Second Attic WarThe Grand Strategy of Classical Sparta, 446-418 B.C.$
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Paul A. Rahe

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300242621

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300242621.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 27 October 2021

An Opportunity Squandered

An Opportunity Squandered

(p.259) Chapter 8 An Opportunity Squandered
Sparta's Second Attic War

Paul A. Rahe

Yale University Press

This chapter reviews the alliance linking Athens with Argos, Mantineia, and Elis and their aim to destroy the foundations of Lacedaemon's power. It looks into the four cities' intention to break up Sparta's Peloponnesian alliance, knowing full well that it could only be settled on the battlefield. The chapter highlights Olympic Games that was held under the presidency of Elis in August 420, which provided an occasion for ritually humiliating and provoking the Lacedaemonians. It describes the Lacedaemonians' attack of Fort Phyrcus in Triphylia and dispatch of some of their hoplites to Lepreum shortly after the Olympic truce had been proclaimed in Elis. It also discusses how the Eleans charged the Spartans with a breach of the truce, which barred attacks on the presiding city in the general period of the Olympic festival.

Keywords:   Athens, Argos, Mantineia, Elis, Lacedaemon, Peloponnesian alliance, Olympic Games, Fort Phyrcus

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