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How the Gospels Became HistoryJesus and Mediterranean Myths$
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M. D Litwa

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780300242638

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300242638.001.0001

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(p.64) Chapter Three Incarnation
How the Gospels Became History

M. David Litwa

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the enfleshment of particular deities in historiographical discourse and compares it with the incarnation of Jesus in the gospels. The comparison begins with Hermes the Logos incarnated as Caesar Augustus. It turns to focus on Pythagoras, thought to be an incarnation of the god Apollo. The revelation of Pythagoras’s divinity is especially analogous to the stories of transfiguration in the Synoptic gospels.

Keywords:   Abaris, Pythagoras, Hermes, Horace, Logos, Jesus, Incarnation, Epiphany, Confession, transfiguration

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