- Title Pages
- Introduction The Gospels, Mythography, and Historiography
- Chapter One Jesus Myth Theory
- Chapter Two A Theory of Comparison
- Chapter Three Incarnation
- Chapter Four Genealogy
- Chapter Five Divine Conception
- Chapter Six Dream Visions and Prophecies
- Chapter Seven Magi and the Star
- Chapter Eight Child in Danger, Child of Wonder
- Chapter Nine The Righteous Lawgiver
- Chapter Ten Miracles
- Chapter Eleven The <i>Pharmakos</i>
- Chapter Twelve Empty Tombs and Translation
- Chapter Thirteen Disappearance and Recognition
- Chapter Fourteen Ascent
- Chapter Fifteen Eye Witnesses
- Conclusion The Myth of Historicity
- Index of Subjects
- Index of Modern Authors
- Index of Ancient Sources
- (p.156) Chapter Eleven The Pharmakos
- How the Gospels Became History
M. David Litwa
- Yale University Press
A pharmakos is a person expelled and/or killed in order to heal a community. This chapter demonstrates substantial conceptual and cultural overlaps between the gospel Passion narratives and the closing scenes of the Life of Aesop. Both Jesus and Aesop tell inflammatory parables, are unjustly arrested, tried, killed, resurrected, and honored after their deaths.
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