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How the Gospels Became HistoryJesus and Mediterranean Myths$
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M. D Litwa

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780300242638

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300242638.001.0001

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Eye Witnesses

Eye Witnesses

Chapter:
(p.194) Chapter Fifteen Eye Witnesses
Source:
How the Gospels Became History
Author(s):

M. David Litwa

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300242638.003.0016

This chapter introduces the idea of an eyewitness as a literary device of authentication. It compares the use of such an eyewitness in the fourth gospel and other contemporary literature (namely the Life of Apollonius by Philostratus and the Diary of the Trojan War by Dictys of Crete). It is argued that the literary convention of presenting a fictional eyewitness authority is a well-attested device of authentication, and satisfactorily explains why and how the author of John employed it.

Keywords:   John, gospel of, Philostratus, Damis, Dictys of Crete, Eyewitnesses, Beloved disciple, Vividness, Objectivity, Raymond Brown, Deceit

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