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How the Old World EndedThe Anglo-Dutch-American Revolution 1500-1800$
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Jonathan Scott

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300243598

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300243598.001.0001

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A Maritime Monarchy

A Maritime Monarchy

(p.215) Chapter Twelve A Maritime Monarchy
How the Old World Ended

Jonathan Scott

Yale University Press

This chapter considers the possibility of building a maritime monarchy and how the Anglo-Dutch Revolution achieved this. Early modern Europe was governed by territorial monarchies and small, sometimes maritime, republics and/or cities. The former were culturally and socially aristocratic, and the latter mercantile. But in the later seventeenth century, a new European great power emerged that was a territorial monarchy within which a landed aristocracy, enriched by the economic changes of the period, beginning with those revolutionizing agricultural productivity, became fully participant in its new commercial economy. The way in which Britain's ruling class in both Houses of Parliament intertwined hereditary nobility and a mercantile, manufacturing, and financial oligarchy had no European parallel. The strict separation of the world of work from socially mandated aristocratic idleness which applied elsewhere had disappeared.

Keywords:   maritime monarchy, imperialism, commercial revolution, early modern Europe, territorial monarchy, Anglo-Dutch Revolution, agricultural productivity

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