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What Is a Complex System? - Yale Scholarship Online
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What Is a Complex System?

James Ladyman and Karoline Wiesner

Abstract

What is a complex system? Although “complexity science” is used to understand phenomena as diverse as the behavior of honeybees, the economic markets, the human brain, and the climate, there is no agreement about its foundations. In this introduction for students, academics, and general readers, the authors develop an account of complexity that brings the different concepts and mathematical measures applied to complex systems into a single framework. The book begins with an overview and a brief history of complexity science. Complexity science is relatively new but already indispensable. Many ... More

Keywords: complex systems, complexity science, complexity, honeybees, mathematical measures, cybernetics, systems theory, dynamical systems theory, cellular automata

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780300251104
Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2021 DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300251104.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

James Ladyman, author
University of Bristol

Karoline Wiesner, author
University of Bristol