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The Crusader StrategyDefending the Holy Land$
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Steve Tibble

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780300253115

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300253115.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 30 July 2021

The Frontier Strategy

The Frontier Strategy

1170–1187

Chapter:
(p.221) Eight The Frontier Strategy
Source:
The Crusader Strategy
Author(s):

Steve Tibble

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300253115.003.0008

This chapter discusses Reynald of Châtillon, lord of the Transjordan, who had made a statement of aggressive intent in 1183 and taunt Saladin in an extremely public and personal way. It describes Reynald as the most persistently belligerent and arrogant of the crusader commanders. It also recounts raid of the Gulf of Aqaba, where Reynald and his Christian crew brought havoc to the unsuspecting sailors and merchants of the Muslim “mare nostrum.” The chapter also talks about the near collapse of the eastern frontiers of the crusader states in the 1160s while the Frankish field armies were trying to take Egypt. It looks into the rise of Saladin and the creation of a new Muslim empire from Yemen and Egypt in the south up to Syria and Mesopotamia in the north, in which the crusaders found themselves surrounded and outnumbered.

Keywords:   Reynald of Châtillon, Saladin, crusader commander, mare nostrum, eastern frontiers, crusader states, Muslim empire

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