This chapter looks at the monumental effort of deep decarbonization that requires a strategic focus on the largest sectors of emissions and an implementable plan to rapidly transform systems in order to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) contributions. It describes fossil fuel extraction, processing, and combustion for energy as the single largest cause of GHG emissions in the world. It also talks about emissions from electricity and heat production, industry, transportation, and other energy that are caused by extracting, processing, and burning fossil fuels. The chapter highlights that global electricity generation remains dominated by coal, which is the dirtiest of all fossil fuels. It highlights the creation of electricity with renewable energy and shift to more heating, transportation, and industry to renewable electricity, which is the great challenge and opportunity of this time on Earth.
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